For 30 years, Randy J. Murphy drove without being stopped by the police—and without a driver’s license (驾驶执照).
The 46-year-old man’s luck came to an end last May. On his way home from his job as a dishwasher, he turned up the radio in the car.
“I just turned the corner, and there was Mark,” Murphy said of the police officer who has since made such a difference in his life.
Officer Mark Taylor had stopped the car as he heard the blaring (震耳的) music. When he asked for a driver’s license, Murphy said that he didn’t have one.
Murphy told Taylor he couldn’t read well enough to tale the written part of the licensing test. “He said people just don’t help anymore. I told him if he was willing, I’d help him,” said Taylor. He gave Murphy his phone number. That afternoon Murphy called the officer.
For the next three months, the men met several times a week to review the questions which might appear in the test. When Murphy took the test, Taylor went with him. Murphy passed on his sixth attempt (尝试). He then sailed through the road test. On September 5, he got his license.
Taylor’s act of kindness won him the Officer of the Month award(奖) from the Knoxville Police Department. “People should help each other if they can,” Taylor said. “Randy did all the work. I just guided him along.”
Although Murphy has overcome the difficulty that kept him from getting a driver’s license, he hasn’t stopped there. “We still meet once a week to read,” Taylor said. “We’ve also become friends.”
“I’m glad he pulled me over now,” said Murphy.
( )51. Murphy was stopped by Taylor because_________.
A. the music hi his car was too loud
B. he drove without a driver’s license
C. he made a wrong turn at a corner
D. he listened to the radio while driving
( )52. After learning Murphy’s situation, Taylor decided ________.
A. to put an end to his luck B. to help him learn how to read
C. to take away his driver’s license
D. to stop him from doing silly things
( )53. In “he then sailed through the road test” sailed through is close in meaning to ______.
A. tried his best in B. nearly failed in
C. suffered a lot in D. easily succeeded in
( )54. According to Taylor, he helped Murphy pass the licensing test because _______.
A. he felt sorry for the bad situation of the poor
B. he wanted to win the Officer of the Month award
C. he hated to see people in need of help were not helped
D. he thought it was a policeman’s duty to help people read
You start to introduce an old friend to someone, and suddenly you can’t remember that someone’s name even though you sense it is just there in your memory. Or you can’t quite bring back the name of a film you just saw. Such tip-of-the-tongue or TOT incidents happen to almost everyone, notes Deborah Burke, a scientist at Pomona College in Claremont, California.
These lapses(失误) have noting to do with remembering the meaning of a word, but rather with its sound. “Often, the sound of a word is arbitrary (任意的) and senseless,” says Burke. This arbitrariness sometimes can make it difficult to bring back the word.
The best way to prevent the problem is to use the name of a person or object as frequently as possible. “I tell people to do what salespeople often do-repeat people’s name several times just before you plan to see them,” says Liz Zelinski of the University of South California in Los Angeles.
A TOT experience can seem worse when a similar-sounding(发音相似的)，but incorrect, word comes into your head unexpectedly and stays there. Burke tells the story of a student who was trying to remember the name of a particular car. The student wanted the word Winnebago, but she could only come up with rutabaga. When this happens, think of something else, suggests Burke. “If you stop feeling worried about it, the correct word sooner or later will come to you.”
( )55. People sometimes find it hard to bring back a word they know well, for __________.
A. it is impossible to remember every word
B. the pronunciation seldom matches the spelling
C. some words do not have any exact meaning
D. its sound is decided for no good reason
( )56. TOT incidents are more likely to happen ________.
A. with words similar in pronunciation
B. with the name of a strange person or object
C. when a word you don’t like gets into your mind
D. when you pay too much attention to certain subjects
( )57. When you cannot come up with the right word you’re trying to remember, you may ______.
A. think of more words of similar sound
B. stop feeling worried but keep thinking of it
C. do something else for a while and then try again
D. forget it for the moment and pay attention to something else
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