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2021年4月浙江专升本英语考前知识点六

2021-06-03 17:08

26个英语字母:

元音字母(A、E、I、O、U),其余21个为辅音字母。

1、元音字母在重读开音节、闭音节和r音节中的读音规则

(1)元音字母在重读开音节中一般读字母的名称音

a/ei/e/i/i(y)/ai/o/?u/u/ju:/

1)开音节:①辅+元he me we

②元+辅+e name take hate

字母a读作/ei/blame/bleim/

字母e读作/i:/be/bi:/

字母i(y)读作/ai/five/faiv/

字母o读作/?u/close/kl?uz/

字母u读作/ju:/huge/hju:d?/

2)闭音节:辅+元+辅hot cut leg

(2)元音字母在闭音节中读所规定的短元音

a/ae/e/e/i(y)/i/o/?/u/?/或/u/

(3)元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

1)a读作/?/

again/??gen/ago/??g??/vacation/v??kei?n/

woman/?w?m?n/breakfast/?brekf?s/

a+辅音字母+无声字母e,读/i/

village/?v?l?d?/palace/?p?lis/

2)e读作/?/或/i/

excellent/?eks?l?nt/silent/?sa?l?nt/open/???p?n/

exam/ig?z?m/sentence/?sent?ns/problem/?pr?bl?m/

decide/di?said/

e在前缀和后缀中读/i/

behind/bi?haind/wanted/?w?ntid/actress/??ktris/

exam/ig?z?m/decide/di?said/repeat/ri??pi:t/

3)i(y)读作/i/或/ai/

lily/?lili/city/?siti/satisfy/?s?tisfai/

4)o读作/?/或/?/

bottom/?b?t?m/common/?k?m?n/second/?sek?nd/

o在词尾的非重读音节中常读/?u/

radio/?reidi??/potato/p??teit??/piano/pi??n??/

5)u读作/?/,/ju/

autumn/??:t?m/support/s??p?:t/occupy/??kjupai/

(4)其他常见字母组合在非重读音节中的读音

-tion,-sion,-ssion读作/?n/或/??n/

production/pr??d?k?n/section/?sek?n/nation/?nei?n/

version/?v?:?n/impression/im?pre?n/

(5)常见元音字母组合的读音

ar读作/ɑ?/如:car/kɑ?/hard/hɑ?d/park/pɑ?k/

or读作/?:/如:horse/h?:s/sport/sp?:t/north/n?:θ/

er,ir,ur均读作/?:/如:term/t?:m/shirt/??:t/burn/b?:n/

ee读作/i:/如:feel/fi:l/sleep/sli:p/see/si:/

ea读作/i:/如:meat/mi:t/peace/pi:s/clean/kli:n/

ei,ie读作/i:/如:field/fi:ld/deceive/d??si:v/piece/pi:s/

ear读作/i?/或/??/

(/i?/tear/ti?/hear/hi?(r)/year/ji?(r)/)

(/??/wear/we?(r)/bear/be?(r)/pear/pe?(r)/)

ear后有辅音时读作:/?:/(learn/l?:n/early/??:li]/)

ew,eu读作:/ju:/new/nju:/few/fju:/feudal/?fju:dl/neutral/?nju:tr?l/

au,augh,aw读作/?:/cause/k?:z/daughter/?d?:t?(r)/saw/s?:/

ig,igh读作/ai/bright/brait/high/hai/sign/sain/

ai,ay读作/ei/play/plei/way/wei/main/mein/

ind读作/aind/mind/maind/kind/kaind/find/faind/

ou读作/au/或/?/house/ha?s/about/??ba?t/sound/sa?nd/

al读作/?:/或/?:l/talk/t?:k/walk/w?:k/ball/b?:l/

oi,oy读作/?i/voice/v?is/point/p?int/joy/d??i/

ia,ie,io读作/ai?/dialogue/'dai?l?ɡ/quiet/?kwai?t/violence/?vai?l?ns/

oo读作/u:/,有时也读作/u/food/fu:d/school/sku:l/good/g?d/

oo后面为K时,读作/u/book/b?k/look/l?k/

oor,oar读作/?:/board/b?:d/floor/fl?:(r)/door/d?:(r)/

oa读作/?u/road/r??d/coat/k??t/load/l??d/

ow读作/au/或/?u/know/n??/grow/gr??/now/na?/

our读作/?:/或/au?/pour/p?:(r)/course/k?:s/our/a??/

ough读作/?:/bought/b?:t/thought/θ?:t/

owe读作/au?/flower/?fla??(r)/power/?pa??(r)/tower/?ta??(r)/

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