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IV. Reading Comprehension(60 points)

Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is fllowed by four questions.

For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B,C and D. Choose onebest answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Sound sleep occurs when one s intermal clock is regulated.Cireadian rhythms(生理节奏)can become compromised quite easily.Many people with sleep troublestend to vary bedtimes.To avoid thi scommon problem,sleep sufferers shoud go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.To help improve crcadian rhythms,sufferers should enjoy 15 minutes of sun exposure the first thing in the morming.

A bedtime routine can help prevent insmnia(失眠).One hour before betime,one shoud lower the lights and relax.

Reading a book or listening to calm music can help prepare the body for a night's seep.Taking a warm,candlelit bathor drinking a cup of warm milk can also help you prepare for deep sleep at night.

Stress can have a bad efeet on the body and the ability to seep.A daily exercise routine can help lower the body'

s stress naturally.One can also manage stres by writing diaris.Writing diaries can help people express their anxieties,plan for the future and improve sleep.Other ways to lower stress include deep breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation.

The light sending out from computers,cellphones,tablets and televisions can cause sleep problems.Therefore,these items should be turned off at least an hour before bedtime.Additinally,lowering the backlight on these electronic devices earlier in the evening can help you fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer once bedtime arrives.

A perfect bedroom invites sweet sleep.Most people sleep better in a cool,dark,and quiet room.Lower the temperature in the room to 16 ~20 degrees for a peaceful night's sleep.A dark room can be accomplished by installing light blocking curtains or wearing a sleep mask.Noise canbe reduced with either earplugs or a white noise machine.

Finally,a comfortable mattress(床垫)and pillows are essential to a good night's sleep.

36.What is the passge mainly about?

A.How to get a sound sleep.

B.How to lower body stress

C.How to regulate intemal clocks.

D.How to manage anxieties.

37.According to Paragraph 2,which of the following may lead to insomnia?

A. Reading a book for relaxation before bedtime.

B. Lowering lights one hour before bedtime.

C. Drinking some warm milk before bedtime.

D. Listening to rock music before bedtime.

38. What can be done to reduce stress?

A. Doing exercise every day

B. Making plans for the future.

C. Writing about your sleep patterns.

D. Learning to hold your breath.

39. What is the perfect condition for sleep?

A.A quiet room with flashing lights.

B.A bright room with white curtains.

C.A cool room with comfortable pillows.

D.A dark room with electronic devices.

Passage Two

Tom was aged four but he was talking like a two-year-

o1d baby. He was saying such things as "kick ball"and

"want car", and using lots of one-word sentences. He should have been saying some really long sentences andtelling stories with them. He wasn't. Something had gone trribly wrong.

Quite a few children have what is called a"languagedelay". For some reason they don't learn to speak as quickly as they should. Their friends shoot ahead and they' re left behind. As a result, they get very 1onely.Nobody wants to talk to you if you can't talk back.

Can anything be done to help these children? Yes. They can go to see a speech therapist--a person who's specially trained to work out what's wrong and who knows how to teach language to children. This is what happened to Tom.The speeh therpist played some games with him and heard how he talked. She made a recording of his speech, and chattedto his mom and dad about his background. They'd taken Tom to see a doctor, but the doctor hadn't found anything wrong with him. He seemed peretly normal in every way-except he just wasn talking.

Afer Tom and his parents had gone home, the therapist listened carefully to the recording she'd made. Then she looked at a chart which showed how language developed inchildren aged two, three, and four. She could see Tom was a long way behind.

The next step, she deided, was to teach Tom how to say some new sentences like"kick a red ball,"and"the clownis kicking a ball."Tom didn't get the new sentences right straight away.But therapist was very patient,and after a few more visit he started to make progress.

40.How did the author introduce the topic of this passage?

A.By describing grammar errors made by kids.

B.By sharing experiences of speech therapists.

C.By using Tom's case as an example.

D.By stating his personal views to readers.

41.What can be infered from the passage about“1anguage delay?

A.It can be prevented by doctors.

B.It is seldom found among children.

C.It can be improved with certain help.

D.It may result from hearing problems.

42.What did the speech therapist do to help Tom?

A.She told others that Tom was normal in every way.

B.She asked Tom to play with some other children.C.She made some recordings of his parents'speech.

D.She taught Tom new sentences in a patient way.

43.What is the best title for the passage?

A.What Can Doctors Do with Language Delay?

B.What Can Be Done about Kids with Language Delay?

C.How Can Language Delay Be Easily Detected?

D.How Can Parents Prevent Kids from Language Delay?

Passage Three

On a dry and cold Friday afenoon last October,Sharon Seline exchanged text messages with her daugher who was in college.They"chatted"back and forh,with the mom asking how things were going and the daugher answering psitively flowed by enotions(表情符)showing smils,b-i-g smiles and hearts.

Later that night,her daughter attempted suicide.

In the days that followed,it came to light that she'd hidden herself in her dorm,crying and showing signs ofdepression-a completely different reality from the one that she conveyed in text and Facebook posts.

As human beings,our only real method of connection is through real communication.Studies show that only7%of communication is based on writing and spraking.The ma jority of 93%is based on body language.Indeed,it's only when we can heard a tone of voice or look into someone's eyes that we're able to know when"I'm fine"doesn't mean they're fine all.

This is where social media gets risky.

With modem technology,anyone can hide beind the text,the e-mail,or the Facebook post,projecting any image they want and creating a false image of their choosing.They can be whoever they want to be.And without the ability toreceive body language,their audiences are none the wiser.

This presents a paradox which doesn't exist before.With all the power social technologies at our fingertips,we are more connected-and potentially more disconnected-than ever betore.

Every relevant metric(衡量标准)shows that we are interacting at a great speed and frequency through social media.But are we really communicating?With 93%of ourcommunication context(语境)lost,we are now attempting to establish relationships and make decisions based on phrases or emoticons,which may or may not accurately represent the truth.

44.Why does social media get risky according to the author?

A.The users'social connection is lost.

B.The users'messages may be ignored.

C.The users'real emotion may be hidden.

D.The users'voices can hardy be heard.

45.What phenomenon does the underlined word“paradox"

(Paragraph 7)reflect?

A.People can be both happy and unhappy.

B.People can be both connected and disconnected.

C.People can end up being both wise and stupid.

D.People can form both true and false impressions.

46.What is true about today's communication through social media?

A.It causes more health risks.

B.It gives litle communication context.

C.It leads to better relationships.

D.It improves the quality of interaction.

47.What is the best title for the passage?

A.Social Media and Its Function

B.Social Media and Its Abuses

C.Social Media and Its Future

D.Social Media and Its Risks

Passage Four

Alan Lakein,a time management expert,thinks that nothing is a total waste of time,including doing nothing at times.If you arrange things so that you find time to relax and"do nothing", you will get more done and have more fun doing it.

One of his clients,a space engineer, didn't know how to "do nothing". Every minute of his leisure time was scheduled with intense activities. He had an outdoor-activites schedule in which he switched from skiing to tennis. His girlfriend kept up with him in these activities, although she would have preferred just to sit by the fire and relax once in a while. Like too many people, he felt the need to be doing something all the time, for doing nothing seemed a waste of time. His "relaxing by the fire"consisted of playing chess, reading magazines, or checking emails.

For an experiment, Alan asked him to"waste"his time for five minutes during one of their sessions together.

What the engineer ended up doing was relaxing, stting quietly and daydreaming. When he was finally able to admit that emotional reasons caused him to reject relaxing as waste of time, he began to look more critically at that way of thinking. Once he knew that relaxing was a good use oftime, he became less serious about being busy and started enjoying each activity more. Previously he had been so busy doing that he had no time to have fun at anything. He began to do less and have more fun. When Alan saw the client about three years later, he still had as busy a schedule a sever, but he was able to balance his activity with relaxing so that he came back to work Monday morning not feeling tired out from a busy weekend but refreshed.

48. What did"doing nothing"mean to the space engineer at first?

A. Outdoor activities.

B.A waste of time.

C. Few daily schedules.

D. More family hours.

49. What made the engineer reject relaxing?

A. Social reasons.B. Family reasons.

C. Emotional reasons.

D. Physical reasons.

50. What happened after the engineer learned "doing nothing?

A. He was not as busy as before.

B. He began to en joy each activity more.

C.He started to do more of everything.

D.He did not have as much fun as before.

51.What can be inferned from the passage about“doing nothing"?

A.It makes people enjoy more indoor activities.

B.It enables you to have more work time.

C.It serves to improve family relationship.

D.It helps you do things more efficiently.

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